The ethernal city
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Rome, the “Urbe” (Latin word for city) and “Ethernal City” par excellence, is a metropolis of almost 3 million people and the biggest and most popolated city in the Italian peninsula.
Its origins date back to 2700 years ago. According to the tradition it was founded by Romulus on the 21st of april 753 b.C. It is one of the oldest, biggest and with the highest number or monuments cities in Europe. It was considered the heart of the entire Mediterranean region. That name came from the fact that 2000 years ago Roma was the ruler of a world empire: it was the first metropolis in the human history.
This magical place is characterized by a three-thousand-year history, Rome was the heart of one of the most important ancient civilizations and had such a great importance that it influenced the society, culture, language, literature, art, architecture, philosophy, religion, law and traditions of the following centuries. It was also the capital of the Papal State ( a state under the political control of the Pope) and, of course, of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire was not only the most extended empire ever existed, it was also, but it was also the largest in terms of management and quality of the territory, of socio-political organization and the most important, considering all that it meant for the history of mankind. Its historical center, believed to be the most beautiful in the world for its abundance of monuments and found inside of the Aurelian walls is an expression of the historical, artistic and cultural heritage of the Western World: here in fact we can find the highest density of historical and architectural assets on the planet.
Unesco, in 1980, declared it, along with the extraterritorial properties of the Holy See and the Basilica of San Paolo outside the walls, a World Heritage site. Rome is also known as the “capital of two states”, because it houses a foreign state in its interior: Vatican City, established on 11 February 1929 is the smallest independent state in the world in terms of population and territorial extension.
Since its origin, Rome has always had a very favorable position, fundamental as an important point of articulation between the Etruscan and the Greek culture. The remains of the original settlements date back to 753 B.C., the year in which Romulus drew the city borders. It was the Tarquini in the eighth century B.C. to seize the city, they built the Servian walls (the first urban walls dating back to the sixth century B.C.) and the Cloaca (one of the oldest sewers). At the beginning of 509 B.C. the Roman Dominion began. The Romans first occupied Greece and then fought the Punic Wars until 146 B.C., the year in which the looting and the complete destruction of Carthage took place. Later, with Julius Caesar, considered by some of the historians of the same era the first emperor of Rome, the empire expanded but it was Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian Augustus, better known as Octavian or Augustus, who was its greatest emperor. He promoted the building development by building, among other things: the Pantheon, the Teatro Marcello, the Forum of Augustus and the Emperor’s Mausoleum. The development continued also with Nero, Trajan and Hadrian until the end of the Western Roman Empire, in 476 D. C, the year in which Odoacer deposed the last emperor Romulus Augustus
During the Middle Ages, more precisely between 410 and 553, the current metropolis suffered the looting by the Vandals and the Goths. Meanwhile, the importance of the papacy grew until the coronation of Charlemagne in the year 800. Later, in 1084, Rome was first attacked by the Normans and then divided into feuds by the feudatory families. The papal power continued to increase until the city was under the absolute power of the popes.
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