Rome

The ethernal city

Quick Info

Country:
Italy
Region:
Lazio
Spoken language:
Italian
Currency:
Euro
Documents:

Schengen Area: ID card or passport

Extra U.E.:short stays (3 months) passport valid at least three months after the departing date and if need be visa

Power and Sockets:
230 V / 50 Hz - F Type Plug (Schuko) and L Type Plug

Rome, the “Urbe” (Latin word for city) and “Ethernal City” par excellence, is a metropolis of almost 3 million people and the biggest and most popolated city in the Italian peninsula.

Its origins date back to 2700 years ago. According to the tradition it was founded by Romulus on the 21st of april 753 b.C. It is one of the oldest, biggest and with the highest number or monuments cities in Europe. It was considered the heart of the entire Mediterranean region. That name came from the fact that 2000 years ago Roma was the ruler of a world empire: it was the first metropolis in the human history.

Trevi’s Fountain

This magical place is characterized by a three-thousand-year history, Rome was the heart of one of the most important ancient civilizations and had such a great importance that it influenced the society, culture, language, literature, art, architecture, philosophy, religion, law and traditions of the following centuries. It was also the capital of the Papal State ( a state under the political control of the Pope) and, of course, of the Roman Empire.

The Roman Empire was not only the most extended empire ever existed, it was also, but it was also the largest in terms of management and quality of the territory, of socio-political organization and the most important, considering all that it meant for the history of mankind. Its historical center, believed to be the most beautiful in the world for its abundance of monuments and found inside of the Aurelian walls is an expression of the historical, artistic and cultural heritage of the Western World: here in fact we can find the  highest density of historical and architectural assets on the planet.

Unesco, in 1980, declared it, along with the extraterritorial properties of the Holy See and the Basilica of San Paolo outside the walls, a World Heritage site. Rome is also known as the “capital of two states”, because it houses a foreign state in its interior: Vatican City, established on 11 February 1929 is the smallest independent state in the world in terms of  population and territorial extension.

Since its origin, Rome has always had a very favorable  position, fundamental as an important point of articulation between the Etruscan and the Greek culture. The remains of the original settlements date back to 753 B.C., the year in which Romulus drew the city borders. It was the Tarquini in the eighth century B.C. to seize the city, they built the Servian walls (the first urban walls dating back to the sixth century B.C.) and the Cloaca (one of the oldest sewers). At the beginning of 509 B.C. the Roman Dominion began. The Romans first occupied Greece and then fought the Punic Wars until 146 B.C., the year in which the looting and the complete destruction of Carthage took place. Later, with Julius Caesar, considered by some of the historians of the same era the first emperor of Rome, the empire expanded but it was Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian Augustus, better known as Octavian or Augustus, who was its greatest emperor. He promoted the building development by building, among other things: the Pantheon, the Teatro Marcello, the Forum of Augustus and the Emperor’s Mausoleum. The development continued also with Nero, Trajan and Hadrian until the end of the Western Roman Empire, in 476 D. C, the year in which Odoacer deposed the last emperor Romulus Augustus

Basilica di San Pietro – St. Peter Basilica

During the Middle Ages, more precisely between 410 and 553, the current metropolis suffered the looting by the Vandals and the Goths. Meanwhile, the importance of the papacy grew until the coronation of Charlemagne in the year 800. Later, in 1084, Rome was first attacked by the Normans and then divided into feuds by the feudatory families. The papal power continued to increase until the city was under the absolute power of the popes.

The XIII, XIV and XV centuries coincided with an incredible flowering of art and culture: the Popes in fact called great artists to court such as Raphael, Michelangelo, Leon Battista Alberti, Bramante and later Bernini, Borromini and many others to decorate, build and adorn this place already magnificent itself.
The Jacobean Republic was established towards the end of the eighteenth century and shortly after Napoleon abolished the temporal power of the pope. On September 20, 1870, with the famous breach of Porta Pia, it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy, of which became capital.
The First World War ended with the “mutilated victory” and the city found itself in a climate of political unrest and uncertainty. All this favoured, in 1922, the rise to power of Mussolini. In 1940 Italy entered the World War II and Rome, the theatre of attacks and massacres, was freed by the Allies on June 4, 1944.

 

Social eating - Food
Don’t go to a restaurant this evening
Gnammo’s Special Dinners are a new way to discover the city through food

When you visit a new city you want to discover new things, live different experiences. Cuisine enthusiasts, professional cooks make a menu and unique location available where you can meet new people and get to know the city from who experiences it daily.

 

from 25,00 €
The best experiences in Rome
Do something different while you have fun
Live the city like never before, experiences, tickets, museums, tours and guided tours

Musement helps travelers make the most out of their destinations offering a vast choice of tours and local attractions that can be booked. More than just “things to do”, the range of offers includes temporary activities, exclusive, hidden jewels and even free activities

from 10,00 €
Sport equipment rental
Have fun and stay in shape
Search, compare and rent online bikes, ski, surf, kitesurf, tandem, skates, snow rackets etc.

Discover the city by bike or perform your favourite sport renting equipment for the best price possible. Travel light, don’t bring your gear from home, not only will you find it with us but you will also find passionate people like you who will advise you on where to go

from 1,00 € an hour
Are you staying in this city?
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With over 130.230.000 verified reviews, you will surely find the perfect place

The #1 site in the world for researching a hotel or B&B for the best price possible. If your travelling for pleasure or work, users can book their accommodation instantly quickly and easily, without booking fees and often with free cancellation

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Apartment and villa rentals
Apartment and villa rentals
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Tours and activities
Don’t go around in circles, trust us!
Rome always has so many things to do, don’t miss out on any of them

The best tours of Rome, tickets for “the Coliseum”, an on foot tour of the old city with a local guide and many other activities. Why get in line to see a museum when you can buy your ticket now and skip it?

from 20,00 €
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