Tour of Salento
Heel of Italy
- Spoken language:
Schengen Area: ID card or passport
Extra U.E.:short stays (3 months) passport valid at least three months after the departing date and if need be visa
- Power and Sockets:
- 230 V / 50 Hz - F Type Plug (Schuko) and L Type Plug
Also known as the Salento Peninsula or “heel of Italy”, Salento is a region that coincides with the southern part of Puglia, between the Ionian Sea to the west and the Adriatic Sea to the east, comprising the whole province of Lecce, almost all that of Brindisi and part of Taranto’s. Its central position in relation to the European continent and the main development centers of the most important civilized societies in history have led to the contribution of so many cultural influences in different eras.
The first testimonies of the human presence come from the numerous caves that can be admired in the stretch of coast between Otranto and Santa Maria di Leuca. The Messapi were the first example of organized civil society to settle in these areas. The Roman conquest, which took place between 269 and 267 B.C., was a crucial period for the emergence of infrastructures and public works, as well as the beginning of a radical transformation of the landscape and a complete restructuring of the villages. Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire, which took place in 476 A.D., the peninsula was the subject of looting and plundering by numerous barbarian populations such as the Lombards, Saracens, Ungari and Slavs. The first Byzantine migrations began around the first half of 500 B.C. and concerned the central part of the peninsula, reputed to be safer than the coastal areas. The testimonies of the Byzantine presence still survive in the Grika language, characteristic of the municipalities that constitute the present-day Greece of Salento, and in the uses and customs of the people living in these places. In 1071 the Norman power prevailed, to whom the merit of the establishment of the counties of Lecce and Taranto and the revival of the arts is recognised, while the restoration of the main works of fortification present in the Salentino territory date back to the Swabian. The most atrocious and sadly recalled episode was the massacre by the Turks, who entered Otranto on August 14th, 1480, of about 800 people who refused to convert to the Islamic religion, whose remains are still preserved in the Cathedral of Otranto.
The subsequent Spanish domination gave great impetus to the arts and literature, giving life to a specification of Baroque art, the Leccese Baroque, favoured by the presence in these places of a particularly ductile stone that allowed the realization of all kinds of decorum. Even the Bourbon dominion marked a period of growth, even if the real economic growth of Salento took place during the fascist period, thanks to a skilful reclamation work that interested the swampy areas near the east Coast, and the realization of the Apulian Aqueduct.
The Salento land that conquers, gateway of the East and synthesis of diversity, a metaphor of a happy union between history and nature, artistic treasures and scenic beauties. The geographic position and the wide contact with the sea offer a typical Mediterranean climate made of very mild winters and long, warm and dry summers, always clear skies full of radiant shades, typical and picturesque sunsets, panoramic horizons rich in charm. In summer, when the fruits ripen and the sun makes the ground hot, the Salento explodes in all its natural splendor made of colors, historical centres, districts, beaches, the countryside with its trulli and old farms. Crossing this part of Italy is an unforgettable experience, because every moment and every corner is able to arouse great emotions.
Salento overlooks two seas, the Ionian and Adriatic, and this translates into a variegated landscape, with regular plains and less pronounced coasts in the ionic side and a more wavy and irregular territory in the Adriatic. The rocks, of calcareous origin, constitute a valuable characteristic of the coastal zones, in which one alternates beautiful beaches of fine golden sand with dizzying cliffs, overlooking a turquoise sea with crystalline transparencies, almost the same as the tropics. In this way, beach and cliffs satisfy every holiday taste and offer a great possibility of variation of their tourist itinerary. In the same way, the Salento countryside, with its endless olive groves and colourful gardens, offers wonderful views and sensations of absolute peace. Walking through the streets you have the opportunity to dwell on the most authentic aspects of a landscape always varied and at work.
There are also many cultural and folklore initiatives that, especially in recent years, aim to re-evaluate the historical events of Salento, bringing visitors and local people into contact with an ancient world still very alive and present, made of festivals, songs, trekking, folk festivals and all kinds of events.
This freedom to live the territory is the strong point of Salento, its nature to let you discover it, its vocation to give surprises. Salento is, in every place, at all times, in the work of man, undisputed world heritage.
When you visit a new city you want to discover new things, live different experiences. Cuisine enthusiasts, professional cooks make a menu and unique location available where you can meet new people and get to know the city from who experiences it daily.
Musement helps travelers make the most out of their destinations offering a vast choice of tours and local attractions that can be booked. More than just “things to do”, the range of offers includes temporary activities, exclusive, hidden jewels and even free activities
Discover the city by bike or perform your favourite sport renting equipment for the best price possible. Travel light, don’t bring your gear from home, not only will you find it with us but you will also find passionate people like you who will advise you on where to go
The #1 site in the world for researching a hotel or B&B for the best price possible. If your travelling for pleasure or work, users can book their accommodation instantly quickly and easily, without booking fees and often with free cancellation
Why waste time searching for the best apartment, the nicest villa or a lodge on many different sites, or why miss out on the best offers? Just click here...a buyer will search for you on the best rental sites
The best tours, tickets for museums and many other activities such as concerts, cooking classes, excursions. Why get in line to see a museum when you can buy the ticket online to skip the line?