Tour of Sicily

Land of the Sun

Quick Info

Country:
Italy
Region:
Sicily
Spoken language:
Italian
Currency:
Euro
Documents:

Schengen Area: ID card or passport

Extra U.E.:short stays (3 months) passport valid at least three months after the departing date and if need be visa

Power and Sockets:
230 V / 50 Hz - F Type Plug (Schuko) and L Type Plug

According to the historian Thucydides, Catania was founded on the hill today called of the Benedictines around 729 B. C. by the Chalkidians of Naxos with the name of Katane, which means “grater”,”knackery” to remember the lava soil on which it stands.

In the following century, the legislator Caronda gave the city a system of moderate inspiration, halfway between oligarchy and democracy. In 476 BC, Catania was conquered by the tyrant Lerone of Syracuse who deported the inhabitants from Catania, refounding and repopulating it with Syracusans and Greeks. The original inhabitants could only return from Lentini in 461. During the Punic wars, the city was conquered by the Romans, 263 BC, and was able to maintain a considerable wealth until the imperial age, in fact we still find today architectural testimonies of the Augusteo period. Following the barbarian invasions and the Byzantine conquest in 535, the city experienced a period of decadence. New vitality was infused by the Muslim occupation in the ninth century with a redistribution of land and a great revival of agricultural and commercial activities. Since 1071, with the Norman conquest, the Cathedral was built as a church-fortress and numerous monasteries to which the newly established latifundas were ceded. This new land structure caused an economic crisis that worsened further with the 1169 earthquake. Towards the end of the twelfth century and much of the thirteenth, during what is known as the Swabian age, Frederick II commissioned the construction of the Ursino Castle, to complete his work of fortification of this part of Sicily, and above all as a symbol of his power.

With the advent of the Aragonese at the end of the 13th century, Catania began a new period of recovery and cultural fervour, also thanks to the rivalry with Palermo. More and more often it was chosen as the seat of the court, and here was founded the first Sicilian university, the prestigious Siculorum Gymnasium. However, a difficult economic situation badly managed by the Spanish domination, together with a tragic earthquake in 1693 and an eruption in 1669 saw a Catania devastated by the events. A period of small recoveries and new crises until the nineteenth century when Catania was elected provincial capital and began a constant expansion into new areas.  The nineteenth century saw the city flourish splendidly from a cultural point of view, from a worldly, literary, musical and theatrical point of view, so much so that it still today represents a particularly active and modern centre.

 

USEFUL INFO

Official website of the city

For general information visit the site:

www.comune.catania.it

www.apt.catania.it

Tourist Information Office

Info Point Aeroporto Internazionale “Vincenzo Bellini”

Fontanarossa – Catania

Info Point Palazzo Minoriti

Via Etnea, 63/65 – Catania

Tel. +39 095 4014070

Chiesa di Santa Agata

Useful Numbers

Carabinieri                                       112

Police                                          113

Fire Department                              115

Healthcare Emergency                    118

Travel Informed (CCISS)                 1518

Climate

Catania enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with some subtropical and continental features. The winters of short duration are characterized by non-rigid daytime temperatures and cool at night especially in the plain of Catania and with the approach to Etna. The summers are very hot but not humid, thanks to the sea breeze of east.

Nearby

Acireale Km. 21

Nicolosi Km. 31

Augusta Km. 47

Taormina Km. 55

Siracusa Km. 65

Piazza Armerina Km. 98

Gela Km. 101

Ragusa Km. 103

Social eating - Food
Don’t go to a restaurant this evening
Gnammo’s Special Dinners are a new way to discover the city through food

When you visit a new city you want to discover new things, live different experiences. Cuisine enthusiasts, professional cooks make a menu and unique location available where you can meet new people and get to know the city from who experiences it daily.

from 25,00 €
The best experiences in Catania
Do something different while you have fun
Live the city like never before, experiences, tickets, museums, tours and guided tours

Musement helps travelers make the most out of their destinations offering a vast choice of tours and local attractions that can be booked. More than just “things to do”, the range of offers includes temporary activities, exclusive, hidden jewels and even free activities

from 16,00€
Sport equipment rental
Have fun and stay in shape
Search, compare and rent online bikes, ski, surf, kitesurf, tandem, skates, snow rackets etc.

Discover the city by bike or perform your favourite sport renting equipment for the best price possible. Travel light, don’t bring your gear from home, not only will you find it with us but you will also find passionate people like you who will advise you on where to go

from 1,00 € an hour
Are you staying in this city?
We will help you make the right choice!
With over 130.230.000 verified reviews, you will surely find the perfect place!

The #1 site in the world for researching a hotel or B&B for the best price possible. If your travelling for pleasure or work, users can book their accommodation instantly quickly and easily, without booking fees and often with free cancellation

from 34,00 €
Apartment and villa rentals
Apartment and villa rentals
Search on AirBnB, Wimdu, HomeAway, Only-apartments, TravelSki, BungalowNet...

Why waste time searching for the best apartment, the nicest villa or a lodge on many different sites, or why miss out on the best offers? Just click here...a buyer will search for you on the best rental sites

from 35,00€
Tours and activities
Don’t go around in circles, trust us!
There are so many things to do, see and participate in, but you need to know them.

The best tours, museum tickets, visits to temples and many other activities such as concerts, shows, gastronomic experiences. Why queue up to see a museum when you can buy your ticket online to skip the queue?

from 21,00 €
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